Coronary heart disease is characterised by a narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Fatty deposits, or plaques, cling to the artery walls and can clog the arteries, making it more likely that a blood clot will form. Heart disease can be caused due to High amounts of certain fats and cholesterol in the blood or High Blood Pressure or High amounts of sugar in the blood.
Food is directly involved in many of the risk factors for coronary heart disease. Paying attention to what you eat is one of the most important preventative measures you can take. High-salt diets increase blood pressure and the risk of heart attack and stroke. A low-saturated fat, high-fibre, high plant food diet can substantially reduce the risk of developing heart disease. A number of factors are associated with the build-up of fatty deposits in the coronary arteries, including cigarette smoking, lack of physical activity and a family history of the disease.
When your BMI and waist circumference are in normal range, it reduces the chances of developing cardiovascular disease. .
A stronger heart can pump more blood with less effort. If your heart can work less to pump, the force on your arteries decreases, lowering your blood pressure.
Chronic stress can significantly increase your blood pressure. Proper diet and exercise help you to lower your stress level which will help to lower your blood pressure .